Fear of Darkness The Most Treated in Adults and Children
Nyctophobia, or fear of the dark, is one of the most common phobias in children. Between the ages of 6 and 12, most children are afraid of the dark, but this is a normal state of development and not phobia. Adults can also fear the darkness throughout life. Learn when this fear turns into a phobia and how it can be treated.
Fear or Phobia?
The difference is phobia is an irrational fear and an anxiety disorder that does not go away on its own and can get worse over time.
While the fear of the dark can be part of normal development in young children, for older children and adults, nyctophobia is an inappropriate fear and can prevent you from living a “normal” life. normal “.
There are different standards from the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that govern the difference between fear and phobia. The most fundamental difference is that phobia interferes with your life when the effects of fear are very strong.
Your healthcare professional may give you or your child a diagnosis of phobia if your fears are:
Strong fear is accompanied by strong mental or physical symptoms
Persistent fear with symptoms lasting six months
This fear may be a natural reaction to evolution as many predators hunt at night. Therefore, horror movies and Halloween scenes use the dark side to intimidate you.
What is direct phobia?
Nyctophobia is a specific phobia, which is fear of something or situations and represents one of the other three phobia (the other two are social phobia or social anxiety disorder, and agoraphobia).
Some scholars define specific categories of phobia into three categories:
Positive phobias, such as dark, high places and closed areas
Animal phobias, such as fear of spices or snakes
Reducing phobias, such as fear of a dentist or vaccines
Symptoms of Nyctophobia
Symptoms of nyctophobia vary from person to person and depending on the severity of your condition.
Generally, the symptoms of nyctophobia include:
Frightening in any dark place
Sleeping on a bright night
Hesitation comes out at night
Symptoms include increased heart rate, sweating, visual disturbances, and even illness (heartburn, headache and diarrhea are common) when forced to spend time in the dark
Symptoms of severe cases of nyctophobia include:
Trying to escape the dark rooms
Forcing to stay indoors at night
Anger or self-defense if anyone tries to encourage you to spend time in the dark
Treatment of Nyctophobia
The goal of therapy is to challenge the myths about darkness by turning negative thoughts into positive messages.
The rate of effective treatment for phobias such as nyctophobia is about 90 percent and is usually achieved with methods from a behavioral-behavioral school. Your treatment plan suggests that you or your child include:
Appearing in the dark with small, additional, non-threatening levels is called demensitization
Single-drug treatment, family therapy or group therapy
Learning relaxation techniques, such as breathing deeply
Symptoms of anxiety and depression